About 100 guests from 36 countries met on the XVIII. MetaSystems Distributor Meeting (DM) in November to exchange experiences and to get to know new trends and developments at MetaSystems.
XL RARA BA
Break Apart Probe
- Order Number
- Package Size
- 100 µl (10 Tests)
XL RARA BA consists of an orange-labeled probe hybridizing proximal to the RARA gene region at 17q21.1-21.2 and a green-labeled probe hybridizing distal to the RARA gene region at 17q21.1-21.2.
Probe maps are created in accordance with the intended purpose of the product. Solid colored bars do not necessarily indicate that the probe fully covers the indicated genomic region. Therefore, caution is advised when interpreting results generated through off-label use. Probe map details based on UCSC Genome Browser GRCh37/hg19. Map components not to scale. Further information is available on request.
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is considered as a subtype of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and accounts for about 5-8% of all AML cases. The most frequent aberration in APL is t(15;17) which results in the formation of the promyelocytic leukemia (PML) - retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARA) fusion gene (PML-RARA). Around 98% of all APL cases are characterized by PML-RARA, whereas translocations affecting RARA and other genes have been identified in only 1-2% of APL cases. Known fusion genes are ZBTB16-RARA, NPM1-RARA, NUMA1-RARA, STAT5B-RARA, PRKAR1A-RARA, BCOR-RARA and FIP1L1-RARA. ZBTB16-RARA comprises about 0.8% of all APL cases, the other rare fusions occur with lower frequency. Cryptic rearrangements resulting in the PML-RARA fusion gene are observed regularly, but also insertions of RARA into other locations have been found in a minority of APL cases.
RARA is a nuclear hormone receptor which forms heterodimers with the retinoid X receptor alpha and is involved in the regulation of promyelocyte differentiation. RARA fusion genes interfere with myeloid differentiation and contribute to the development of APL. The majority of APL patients are responsive to therapeutic doses of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and arsenic trioxide (ATO) associated with chemotherapeutic drug regimen. Patients with ZBTB16-RARA or STAT5B-RARA fusions are resistant to ATRA and ATO.
The FISH break apart assay is a valuable tool for the detection of RARA rearrangements independent of the translocation partner.
- Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML)
Two green-orange colocalization/fusion signals (2GO).
Aberrant Cell (typical results):
One green-orange colocalization/fusion signal (1GO), one separate green (1G) and orange (1O) signal each resulting from a chromosome break in the relevant locus.
- Grimwade et al (2000) Blood 15:1297-1308
- Schoch et al (2002) Hematol J 3:259-263
- Adams and Nassiri (2015) Arch Pathol Lab Med 139:1308-1313