The meeting of the German Society of Human Genetics (gfh) was held in Weimar, Germany this week and of course the attendees had the opportunity to visit the joined booth of MetaSystems and MetaSystems Probes. Main topics of the exhibition have been the latest advancements of the Neon case and imaging platform and RapidHyb, the revolutionary fast hybridization times of MetaSystems Probes' FISH probes.
XL t(14;20) IGH/MAFB DF
Translocation/Dual Fusion Probe
- Order Number
- Package Size
- 100 µl (10 Tests)
The most frequent primary abnormalities in multiple myeloma (MM) are trisomies of odd-numbered chromosomes or translocations involving the immunglobulin heavy chain (IgH) gene locus. The most common MM-associated IGH translocations are t(11;14), t(4;14), t(6;14), t(14;16) and t(14;20) in the order of their occurrence. The consequence of these rearrangements is the dysregulation of genes juxtaposed to transcriptional enhancers in the IGH locus. Prognosis and risk stratification strongly depends on the detection and interpretation of cytogenetic primary abnormalities. t(14;16) and t(14;20) are considered as high risk, t(4;14) as intermediate risk and t(6;14) and t(11;14) as standard risk cytogenetic aberrations in patients with MM based on FISH testing. Secondary aberrations are also influencing the outcome.
Even if associated with poor prognosis in MM, MGUS/SMM cases characterized by t(14;20) can be stable for years before progression occurs whereas MGUS/SMM cases with t(4;14) and t(14;16) showing a higher progression rate. The recurrent t(14;20) results in ectopic expression of the basic leucine zipper transcription factor MAFB which has an important role in lineage-specific hematopoiesis.
- Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasms (MM)
Two green (2G) and two orange (2O) signals.
Aberrant Cell (typical results):
One green (1G), one orange (1O), and two green-orange colocalization/fusion signals (2GO) resulting from a reciprocal translocation between the relevant loci.
- Boersma-Vreugdenhil et al (2004) Brit J Haem 126:355-363
- Ross et al (2010) Haematologica 95:1221-1225
- Rajan and Rajkumar (2015) Blood Cancer J. 5:e365