Fluorescence in situ hybridization has become an essential detection assay in today´s routine diagnostics. However, long hybridization times of many hours to overnight are still a restrictive factor. We have refined the production process of our FISH probes to reduce background and artefacts and to improve the signal to noise ratio, particularly in short-time hybridization. Since mid-2015, one hour hybridization on lymphocytes is an integral part of quality control for all XCyting locus-specific probes at our manufacturing facility.
XL t(11;14) MYEOV/IGH DF
Translocation/Dual Fusion Probe
- Order Number
- Package Size
- 100 µl
The mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma with an aggressive clinical course. It is genetically characterized by t(11;14)(q13;q32) and is present in about 95% of MCL patients. By lower frequency, t(11;14) is also detectable in B-cell prolymphocytic leukemia, myelomas and chronic lymphocytic leukemia. The translocation induces overexpression of CCND1 which is normally not detected in B lymphocytes. CCND1 is a major player in cell cycle regulation and involved in the G1/S-phase transition. The oncogenic potential of CCND1 overexpression is related to its role in the cell cycle but also to other, non-cell cycle-related mechanisms as increased genomic instability and cell survival. t(11;14) is considered as a primary event, often followed by secondary chromosome alterations.
In multiple myeloma (MM), t(11;14) is the most common translocation, detectable in about 15-20% of all MM patients by FISH. Conventional cytogenetics has a much lower sensitivity, detecting t(11;14) in about 5% of MM patients. MM t(11;14) patients do have a relatively favorable outcome compared to other recurrent IGH translocations.
- Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas (NHL)
- Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasms (MM)
- Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)
Two green (2G) and two orange (2O) signals.
Aberrant Cell (typical results):
One green (1G), one orange (1O), and two green-orange colocalization/fusion signals (2GO) resulting from a reciprocal translocation between the relevant loci.
- Fonesca et al (2002) Blood 99:3735-3741
- Bentz et al (2004) Canc Cytopath 102:124-131
- Jares et al (2012) J Clin Invest 122:3416-3423