Fluorescence in situ hybridization has become an essential detection assay in today´s routine diagnostics. However, long hybridization times of many hours to overnight are still a restrictive factor. We have refined the production process of our FISH probes to reduce background and artefacts and to improve the signal to noise ratio, particularly in short-time hybridization. Since mid-2015, one hour hybridization on lymphocytes is an integral part of quality control for all XCyting locus-specific probes at our manufacturing facility.
XL TLX3 BA
Break Apart Probe
- Order Number
- Package Size
- 100 µl
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common childhood cancer type. T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is an aggressive and quickly progressing type of ALL affecting T-lymphocytes. Genomic data suggests that more than 10 functional aberrations are contributing to the development of this disease. T-ALL cases can be grouped by distinct genetic profiles and the aberrant expression of a characteristic transcription factor. Major subgroups are characterized by ectopic expression of TAL1, TLX1, TLX3, HOXA9/10, LMO2 or NKX2-1 and others as a result of chromosomal rearrangements or mutations. About 20 % of childhood T-ALL cases are characterized by aberrant expression of TLX3 as a result of t(5;14)(q35;q32). This cryptic translocation juxtaposes TLX3, normally not expressed in T-cells, with the BCL11B gene which is active in T-cells and results in ectopic expression of TLX3. Fluorescence in situ hybridization is a valuable method for the detection of t(5;14)(q35;q32) since cryptic translocations may escape during classical cytogenetic analysis. Furthermore, the broad range of breakpoints in the chromosomal region 14q32 makes the development of efficient PCR-based methods difficult.
- Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)
Two green-orange colocalization/fusion signals (2GO).
Aberrant Cell (typical results):
One green-orange colocalization/fusion signal (1GO), one separate green (1G) and orange (1O) signal each resulting from a chromosome break in the relevant locus.
- Van Zutven et al (2004) Haematologica 89:671-678
- Su et al (2006) Blood 108:4198-4201
- Girardi et al (2017) Blood 129:1113-1123