Fluorescence in situ hybridization has become an essential detection assay in today´s routine diagnostics. However, long hybridization times of many hours to overnight are still a restrictive factor. We have refined the production process of our FISH probes to reduce background and artefacts and to improve the signal to noise ratio, particularly in short-time hybridization. Since mid-2015, one hour hybridization on lymphocytes is an integral part of quality control for all XCyting locus-specific probes at our manufacturing facility.
XL SS18 BA
Break Apart Probe
- Order Number
- Package Size
- 100 µl
The synovial sarcoma is a highly aggressive and relatively rare soft tissue sarcoma. It often develops in the limbs of adolescents and young adults and comprises about 10-20% of soft tissue sarcomas in this population. The disease is characterized by the balanced translocation t(X;18) resulting in an in-frame fusion of ´synovial sarcoma translocation, chromosome 18´ (SS18) with members of the ´synovial sarcoma, X breakpoint´ family (SSX), located on the X chromosome. The chimeric fusion protein consists of almost the complete SS18 protein, only eight amino acids are missing, with the carboxy terminus of SSX1 or SSX2 and in rare cases SSX4. Several studies have shown that the SS18-SSX chimeric protein is interacting with the ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling complex SWI/SNF, interfering with its proper function. The absence of the der(18) in some cases suggests, that it is not mandatory for the maintenance of the tumor. Generally, synovial sarcoma shows a low genetic complexity, about 50% of the cases harbor t(X;18) as a sole aberration. Since cytogenetic analysis of solid tumors is challenging, FISH provides an alternative method for the characterization of the status of SS18-SSX rearrangements.
- Solid Tumors (Solid Tumors)
Two green-orange colocalization/fusion signals (2GO).
Aberrant Cell (typical results):
One green-orange colocalization/fusion signal (1GO), one separate green (1G) and orange (1O) signal each resulting from a chromosome break in the respective locus.
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- Nielsen at al (2015) Cancer Discov 5:124-134